Herpetic retinitis

Herpes. 2007 Jun;14(1):4-10.


This paper provides an appreciation of the various forms and consequences of retinal inflammation caused by human herpesviruses. Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus, cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus are known to cause retinitis. The prognosis of herpetic retinitis remains poor because it is associated with a high incidence of complications, both during and after the acute disease phase. On diagnosis of retinal necrosis, antiviral treatment must be started promptly to limit disease progression; following this, prophylactic maintenance therapy may be required.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis / drug therapy
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis / pathology*
  • Herpes Simplex / drug therapy
  • Herpes Simplex / pathology*
  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus / drug therapy
  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus / pathology*
  • Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus / virology
  • Humans
  • Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute / drug therapy
  • Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute / pathology*
  • Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute / virology
  • Retinitis / drug therapy
  • Retinitis / pathology
  • Retinitis / virology*


  • Antiviral Agents