Background: Basic secretagogues of connective tissue mast cells act as receptor mimetic agents that trigger mast cells by activating G proteins. This leads to simultaneous propagation of two signaling pathways: one that culminates in exocytosis, while the other involves protein tyrosine phosphorylation and leads to release of arachidonic acid metabolites. We have previously shown that introduction of a peptide that comprises the C-terminal end of G alpha i3 into permeabilized mast cells inhibits basic secretagogue-induced exocytosis [Aridor et al., Science 1993;262:1569-1572]. We investigated whether cell-permeable peptides, composed of the C-terminus of G alpha i3 fused with importation sequences, affect mast cell function.
Methods: Following preincubation with the fused peptides, rat peritoneal mast cells were activated by compound 48/80 and analyzed for histamine and prostaglandin D2 release and protein tyrosine phosphorylations.
Results: We demonstrate that out of three importation sequences tested only G alpha i3 peptide fused with the Kaposi fibroblast growth factor importation sequence (ALL1) inhibited release of histamine. ALL1 as well as a cell-permeable peptide that corresponds to G alpha i2 also blocked compound 48/80-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation, though the latter did not block histamine release. ALL1 effect was G protein-specific, as it was incapable of blocking protein tyrosine phosphorylation stimulated by pervanadate.
Conclusion: ALL1, a transducible G alpha i3-corresponding peptide, blocks the two signaling pathways in mast cells: histamine release and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Cell permeable peptides that block these two signaling cascades may constitute a novel approach for preventing the onset of the allergic reaction.
2007 S. Karger AG, Basel