Associations in sense of coherence and depression in caregivers of stroke survivors across 2 years

J Behav Health Serv Res. 2008 Apr;35(2):226-34. doi: 10.1007/s11414-007-9083-1. Epub 2007 Sep 12.


The objective of this longitudinal study was to detect the relationship between the sense of coherence (SOC), which is an adaptive coping response, and depression in informal caregivers of stroke survivors across 2 years. One-hundred-fifteen veterans, who were hospitalized after experiencing an acute stroke, and their informal caregivers were enrolled prior to discharge. Data were collected via face-to-face in-home interviews at 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after discharge. A linear mixed model was fitted to estimate the effects of the time-dependent covariates (SOC) while considering the dependence of outcome measures at repeated times. Based on the linear mixed model, caregivers with a stronger SOC were associated with lower levels of caregiver depression across 2 years following a stroke (p < 0.0001). SOC seems to be an important aspect of a caregiver's capacity to cope after tending to the needs of a stroke patient.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Aged
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Depression*
  • Female
  • Florida
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics / instrumentation
  • Puerto Rico
  • Stroke*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivors*