Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels increase with age and likely play a role in adverse health outcomes in older adults. The relationship between IL-6 gene tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and circulating IL-6 and CRP levels, cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, and mortality in Caucasian (CA) and African American (AA) participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) was evaluated using ANCOVA and Cox proportional hazards models. The minor allele of the promoter SNP 1510 and intronic SNP 3572 associates with significantly higher serum IL-6 and CRP levels in CA but not AA. The CRP association persisted after CA and AA populations were combined and after accounting for multiple comparisons. These associations did not carry through to cardiovascular disease outcomes. Decreased risk of stroke was identified in CA, with the minor allele of SNP 1111 (HRR 0.71, 95% CI 0.52, 0.95), P = 0.02, and increased risk of CVD and all-cause mortality (HRR 1.31, 95% CI 1.05-1.64) in AAs heterozygote for SNP 2989. While genetic variation in the IL-6 gene was associated with circulating IL-6 and especially with CRP concentrations in this study, there is little evidence for association between common IL-6 gene variation and adverse health outcomes in this population of older adults.