The influence of game location and outcome on behaviour and mood states among professional rugby league players

J Sports Sci. 2007 Nov;25(13):1491-500. doi: 10.1080/02640410601175436.


In this study, we examined the relationship between home and away matches on mood. In addition, the relationships between game location, game outcome, behavioural factors, and mood were investigated among 12 professional English rugby league players competing in the Super League. Participants completed daily diaries for 27 days. The diary consisted of six analogue scales measuring mood (relaxed-tense, energetic-weary, depressed-elated, tired-alert, anxious-calm, cheerful-miserable) as well as behavioural factors and self-rated performance. There were no significant differences in self-reported mood states leading up to home or away matches except for players feeling more tired when playing away. Significant relationships between mood and behaviours (e.g. sleep and eating) and subjective performance were observed. The outcome of the match was found to influence mood, with a defeat resulting in decreased mood. Our results show that game location did not influence mood and therefore does not provide an explanation for the home advantage.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • England
  • Football / physiology*
  • Geography
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Records
  • Prospective Studies