Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 5 (10), 801-12

Marine Viruses--Major Players in the Global Ecosystem

Affiliations
Review

Marine Viruses--Major Players in the Global Ecosystem

Curtis A Suttle. Nat Rev Microbiol.

Abstract

Viruses are by far the most abundant 'lifeforms' in the oceans and are the reservoir of most of the genetic diversity in the sea. The estimated 10(30) viruses in the ocean, if stretched end to end, would span farther than the nearest 60 galaxies. Every second, approximately 10(23) viral infections occur in the ocean. These infections are a major source of mortality, and cause disease in a range of organisms, from shrimp to whales. As a result, viruses influence the composition of marine communities and are a major force behind biogeochemical cycles. Each infection has the potential to introduce new genetic information into an organism or progeny virus, thereby driving the evolution of both host and viral assemblages. Probing this vast reservoir of genetic and biological diversity continues to yield exciting discoveries.

Similar articles

  • Marine viruses and global climate change.
    Danovaro R, Corinaldesi C, Dell'anno A, Fuhrman JA, Middelburg JJ, Noble RT, Suttle CA. Danovaro R, et al. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2011 Nov;35(6):993-1034. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2010.00258.x. Epub 2011 Jan 4. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2011. PMID: 21204862 Review.
  • Viruses in the sea.
    Suttle CA. Suttle CA. Nature. 2005 Sep 15;437(7057):356-61. doi: 10.1038/nature04160. Nature. 2005. PMID: 16163346 Review.
  • Major viral impact on the functioning of benthic deep-sea ecosystems.
    Danovaro R, Dell'Anno A, Corinaldesi C, Magagnini M, Noble R, Tamburini C, Weinbauer M. Danovaro R, et al. Nature. 2008 Aug 28;454(7208):1084-7. doi: 10.1038/nature07268. Nature. 2008. PMID: 18756250
  • RNA viruses in the sea.
    Lang AS, Rise ML, Culley AI, Steward GF. Lang AS, et al. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2009 Mar;33(2):295-323. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2008.00132.x. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2009. PMID: 19243445 Review.
  • Viruses in Marine Ecosystems: From Open Waters to Coral Reefs.
    Weynberg KD. Weynberg KD. Adv Virus Res. 2018;101:1-38. doi: 10.1016/bs.aivir.2018.02.001. Epub 2018 May 7. Adv Virus Res. 2018. PMID: 29908587 Review.
See all similar articles

Cited by 662 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback