We report here a rare case of intrathoracic undifferentiated carcinoma in an 11-year-old girl. The biopsy tissue stained with antibodies against cytokeratin and carcino-embryonic antigen. The same staining was obtained using a cell line, PER-403, which was derived from the tumor. DNA from PER-403 cells was tested for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus genes, yielding a negative result. The cytogenetic analysis found a translocation t(15;19) (p12;q13), which has not previously been described in a carcinoma.