Simultaneous identification and quantification by liquid chromatography of benzethonium chloride, methyl paraben and triclosan in commercial products labeled as grapefruit seed extract

Pharmazie. 2007 Aug;62(8):593-6.


A HPLC method has been developed which permits the quantification of methyl paraben, benzethonium chloride and triclosan in various samples of grapefruit seed extract (GSE). The best results were obtained with a Phenomenex Gemini C18 column using gradient mobile phase of water (0.1% acetic acid) and acetonitrile (0.1% acetic acid) with a flow rate of 1.0 mL per minute. The detection wavelength was 254 nm for methyl paraben, and 275 nm for benzethonium chloride and triclosan. The main synthetic antimicrobial agent identified in commercial GSE samples was benzethonium chloride in concentrations from 0.29-21.84%. Positive ion electrospray MS of a commercial GSE sample showed a molecular ion at m/z 412 [M+], which matched that of a standard of benzethonium chloride. Triclosan was detected in two samples at 0.009 and 1.13%concentrations; while methyl paraben was not detected in the samples analyzed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetic Acid / chemistry
  • Benzethonium / analysis*
  • Calibration
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Citrus paradisi / chemistry*
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Lythraceae / chemistry
  • Methanol
  • Parabens / analysis*
  • Plant Extracts / analysis
  • Reference Standards
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • Solvents
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Triclosan / analysis*


  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Parabens
  • Plant Extracts
  • Solvents
  • Benzethonium
  • Triclosan
  • methylparaben
  • Acetic Acid
  • Methanol