Searching for resonances in the reaction Cl+CH4-->HCl+CH3: quantum versus quasiclassical dynamics and comparison with experiments

J Chem Phys. 2007 Sep 14;127(10):104302. doi: 10.1063/1.2762210.

Abstract

A quantum-mechanical (QM) and quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) study was performed on the title reaction, using a pseudotriatomic ab initio based surface. Probabilities and integral cross sections present some clear peaks versus the collision energy E(col), which we assign to Feshbach resonances of the transition state, where the light H atom oscillates between the heavy Cl and CH(3) groups. For ground-state reactants, reactivity is essentially of quantum origin (QCT observables and oscillations are smaller, or much smaller, than QM ones), and the calculated integral cross section and product distributions are in reasonable agreement with the experiment. The reaction occurs through an abstraction mechanism, following both a direct and an indirect mechanism. The quasiclassical trajectory calculations show the participation of a short-lived collision complex in the microscopic reaction mechanism. Finally, QCT differential cross sections of Cl+CH(4)-->HCl (nu(')=0 and 1)+CH(3) oscillate versus E(col), whereas experimentally this only occurs for HCl (nu(')=1). This theoretical result and other oscillating properties found here could, however, be related to the existence of a Feshbach resonance for the production of HCl (nu(')=1), as suggested by experimentalists.