Generation of a Twist1 conditional null allele in the mouse

Genesis. 2007 Sep;45(9):588-92. doi: 10.1002/dvg.20332.


Twist1 is the mouse ortholog of TWIST1, the human gene mutated in Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. Previously, a Twist1 null allele was generated by gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem cells. Twist1 heterozygous mice develop polydactyly and a craniofacial phenotype similar to Saethre-Chotzen patients. Mice homozygous for the Twist1 null allele die around embryonic day 11.5 (E11.5) with cranial neural tube closure and vascular defects, hindering in vivo studies of Twist1 function at later stages of development. Here, we report the generation of a Twist1 conditional null allele in mice that functions like a wild-type allele but can be converted to a null allele upon Cre-mediated recombination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Gene Targeting*
  • Integrases / genetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Pregnancy
  • Twist-Related Protein 1 / genetics*


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Twist-Related Protein 1
  • Twist1 protein, mouse
  • Cre recombinase
  • Integrases