Simultaneous estimation of mangiferin and four secoiridoid glycosides in rat plasma using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and its application to pharmacokinetic study of herbal preparation

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Oct 15;858(1-2):211-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.08.034. Epub 2007 Aug 31.


Extracts from Swertia chirata (family Gentianaceae) have antidiabetics and antioxidant activity, largely attributed to the flavonoids and secoiridoids, which are a major class of functional components in methanolic extracts from aerial part of plants. In order to facilitate analysis of systemic exposure to S. chirata derived products in animals, we developed a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) based method that is capable of routinely monitoring plasma levels of flavonoids and secoiridoids. An LC-MS/MS-based method has been developed for the simultaneous estimation of two bioactive markers, mangiferin and amarogentin along with three other components, amaroswerin, sweroside and swertiamarin in rat plasma. All the analytes including the internal standard (kutkoside) were chromatographed on RP-18 column (250 mm x 4 mm i.d., 5 microm.) coupled with guard column using acetonitrile: 0.5 mM ammonium acetate buffer, pH approximately 3.0 as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 ml/min in gradient mode. The final flow to source was splitted in 1:1 ratio. The detection of the analytes was performed on API 4000 LC-MS/MS system in the multiple reaction-monitoring (MRM) mode. The quantitation for analytes other than the pure markers was based on relative concentration. The method was validated in terms of establishing linearity, specificity, sensitivity, recovery, accuracy and precision (Intra- and Inter-day), freeze-thaw stability, peltier stability, dry residue stability and long-term stability. The recoveries from spiked control samples were >90% for all analytes and internal standard except mangiferin where recovery was >60%. Intra- and inter-day accuracy and precision of the validated method were within the acceptable limits of <15% at low and <10% at other concentrations. The quantitation method was successfully applied to generate pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of markers as well as to detect other components in plasma after intravenous dose administration of herbal preparation in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Cinnamates / analysis
  • Glucosides / analysis
  • Glucosides / blood
  • Glucosides / pharmacokinetics
  • Iridoid Glucosides
  • Iridoids / blood
  • Iridoids / pharmacokinetics
  • Male
  • Plant Preparations / blood*
  • Plant Preparations / pharmacokinetics
  • Plant Preparations / standards
  • Pyrones / blood
  • Pyrones / pharmacokinetics
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reference Standards
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Swertia / chemistry
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Xanthones / blood*
  • Xanthones / pharmacokinetics


  • Cinnamates
  • Glucosides
  • Iridoid Glucosides
  • Iridoids
  • Plant Preparations
  • Pyrones
  • Xanthones
  • kutkoside
  • mangiferin
  • swertiamarin
  • amarogentin
  • sweroside