Dose-banding of carboplatin: rationale and proposed banding scheme

J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2007 Jun;13(2):109-17. doi: 10.1177/1078155207080801.

Abstract

Background: In dose-banding (DB) prescribed doses of cancer chemotherapy are fitted to doseranges or 'bands' and standard doses for each band are provided using a selection of pre-filled infusions or syringes, either singly or in combination. DB is used for several drugs where dose is based on body surface area. No DB-scheme has been reported for carboplatin, which, in clinical practice, is routinely dosed according to renal function.

Study objective: To assess the rationale for DB of carboplatin with regards to factors that influence dosing accuracy, develop a DB scheme, and discuss its potential use and limitations.

Methods: Prospective evaluations of carboplatin area under the plasma concentration -- time curve (AUC) following application of the Calvert-formula were identified by a literature search. A relevant carboplatin dose range for construction of a DB-scheme with Calvert-formula based doses was obtained from published glomerular filtration rate distributions for patients receiving carboplatin.

Results: A DB-scheme was developed for individually calculated carboplatin doses of 358-1232 mg, with 35 mg increments between each standard dose and a maximum deviation of 4.7% from prescribed dose. The proposed DB-scheme covers the GFR-ranges 47-221 mL/min and 26-151 mL/min for patients receiving doses based on the target AUCs of 5 and 7 mg/mL/min, respectively.

Conclusion: There is a strong scientific rationale to support DB of carboplatin. The proposed banding scheme could introduce benefits to patients and healthcare staff but, as with other DB schemes, should be validated with prospective clinical and pharmacokinetic studies to confirm safety and efficacy.

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Area Under Curve
  • Carboplatin / administration & dosage*
  • Carboplatin / pharmacokinetics
  • Carboplatin / therapeutic use
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Monitoring
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality Control

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Carboplatin