Sodium modeling in hemodiafiltration

Kidney Int. 1991 Sep;40(3):525-32. doi: 10.1038/ki.1991.241.


A computer model was developed to simulate sodium and water kinetics during hemodiafiltration (HDF), acetate-free biofiltration (AFB) and hemodialysis (HD). Multiple regression analysis of the results of 3,240 simulated applications of the model (1,620 HDF, 1,080 AFB, 540 HD) showed that, during HDF and AFB, there is a close correlation (R2 = 0.92 and 0.91) between plasma water sodium concentration [( Na+P]) and a set of three variables: 1) the sodium gradient between plasma water and dialysate, 2) the sodium concentration of the substitution fluid and 3) ultrafiltration (UF) rate. With HD, a close correlation (R2 = 0.94) was found between changes in [Na+P] and combined changes in sodium gradient and the UF rate. On this basis, a regression equation was formulated for each procedure which allowed a reliable prediction of final [Na+P] to be made on the basis of knowledge of the imposed Na gradient, the programmed infusion (during HDF and AFB), and the UF rate. Clinical validation of the model was obtained in 12 patients: predicted final [Na+P] agreed well with the values measured by means of direct potentiometry (141.9 vs. 142.1 mEq/liter; P = NS), with a mean difference (-0.16 mEq/liter) and limits of agreement (+0.8 to -1.03 mEq/liter) fully acceptable for clinical purposes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Body Water / metabolism
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Hemofiltration* / methods
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Models, Biological*
  • Pulmonary Edema / prevention & control
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Sodium / metabolism*
  • Uremia / metabolism
  • Uremia / therapy
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance
  • Water-Electrolyte Imbalance / prevention & control


  • Sodium