Rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of pelvic floor muscle function

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Aug;37(8):487-98. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2007.2548.


This commentary provides an overview of the current concepts and evidence related to rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of pelvic floor (levator ani) function. As this is an emerging topic, the goal is to provide a basic understanding of ultrasound imaging applications related to levator ani function: the available quantitative and qualitative information, the limitations, as well as how ultrasound imaging can be incorporated as a form of biofeedback during rehabilitation. Furthermore, as the ability to compile and compare existing evidence depends on the degree of similarity in methodology by investigators, this commentary highlights points of consideration and provides guidelines, as well as an agenda, for future investigation.

MeSH terms

  • Biofeedback, Psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Pelvic Floor / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pelvic Floor / physiology*
  • Rehabilitation*
  • Ultrasonography