We expand the functionally uncharacterized DOMON domain superfamily to identify several novel families, including the first prokaryotic representatives. Using several computational tools we show that it is involved in ligand binding--either as heme- or sugar-binding domains. We present evidence that the DOMON domain along with the DM13 domain comprises a novel electron-transfer system potentially involved in oxidative modification of animal cell-surface proteins. Other novel versions might function as sugar sensors of histidine kinases of bacterial two component systems.
Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online and also at ftp://ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/pub/aravind/domon/.