Evaluation of a structured group format memory rehabilitation program for adults following brain injury

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2007 Sep-Oct;22(5):303-13. doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000290975.09496.93.


Objective: To evaluate the impact of an 8-session structured group format memory rehabilitation program on impaired memory functioning.

Participants: Adults with traumatic brain injury (N = 10) or cerebral vascular accidents (N = 2).

Design: A waitlist control study with pregroup, postgroup, and 1-month follow-up assessments. WECHSLER MEMORY SCALE-REVISED: Neuropsychological assessments of memory (California Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised logical memory, visual-paired associates, and Rey Complex Figure) and both self-report and significant other report of behaviors indicative of memory difficulties and the use of memory strategies.

Results: Participation in the memory group increased participants' knowledge of memory and memory strategies as well as use of memory aids and strategies; reduced behaviors indicative of memory impairment; and had a positive effect on neuropsychological assessments of memory (eg, delayed recall for words and figures). All significant improvements exceeded change experienced by waiting-list controls and were maintained at 1-month follow-up assessment.

Conclusions: While extension of the findings is needed, the memory group has a positive impact on both neuropsychological measures of memory and everyday memory functioning.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Female
  • Group Processes
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Mental Recall
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests