Effects of long-term visual display terminal usage on visual functions

Optom Vis Sci. 1991 Dec;68(12):930-41. doi: 10.1097/00006324-199112000-00004.


Since their rapid introduction into the workplace visual display terminals (VDT's) have been the source of a number of studies aimed at detecting effects on office workers. The published studies have been either short-term or cross-sectional, with one exception. The results have shown varying degrees of relation but by not having a comparable control group all have been limited in their value. We set out to monitor at regular intervals over a 2-year period specific visual functions that have been reported to be affected by VDT usage, and to compare VDT and non-VDT users in the same office environment. By assessing the VDT operators from the time the systems were introduced we have an accurate baseline to work from when assessing change due to the introduction of the VDT.

MeSH terms

  • Accommodation, Ocular / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Computer Terminals*
  • Convergence, Ocular / physiology*
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Refractive Errors / physiopathology*
  • Vision Disparity / physiology
  • Visual Acuity / physiology*