Non-neoplastic renal diseases in Kerala, India--analysis of 1592 cases, a two year retrospective study

Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007 Apr;50(2):300-2.

Abstract

A retrospective analysis of 1592 renal biopsies received from various hospitals all over Kerala over a period of two years was done. Of the 1544 native kidney biopsies majority of cases (300; 18.84%) were focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Next infrequency was IgA nephropathy (227; 14.26%). The other diagnoses included post infectious glomerulonephritis (GN) (150; 9.42%), lupus nephritis (131; 8.23%), membranous glomerulonephritis (118; 7.41%), minimal change disease (94; 5.94%), interstitial nephritis 87(5.46%), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) and severe glomerulosclerosis (74; 4.64% each), IgM nephropathy (72; 4.52%), acute tubular necrosis and diabetic glomerulopathy (24; 1.5% each), ANCA-related GN (21;1.32%), amyloidosis (13; 0.82%), Henoch Schonlien purpura (12; 0.75%) atd thrombotic microangiopathy (10; 0.63%). Afew others like myeloma cast nephropathy, cholesterol embolism, Clq nephropathy, oxalosis, mixed connective tissue disorder (MCTD, Wegner's granulomatosis etc. also were seen occasionally. 48 cases were allograft biopsies (3.02%).

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy
  • Glomerulonephritis / epidemiology
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA / epidemiology
  • Glomerulonephritis, Membranous / epidemiology
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Kidney Diseases / diagnosis
  • Kidney Diseases / epidemiology
  • Kidney Diseases / pathology*
  • Lupus Nephritis / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies