Receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs) interact with calcitonin receptors to produce novel amylin receptor phenotypes. We have recently demonstrated that the short intracellular C-terminus of RAMPs plays a key role in the function of amylin receptors derived from the CTa calcitonin receptor through the use of chimeric RAMPs and RAMPs that are truncated at the C-terminus [15, Udawela M, Christopoulos G, Morfis M, Christopoulos A, Ye S, Tilakaratne N, Sexton PM. A critical role for the short intracellular C terminus in receptor activity modifying protein function. Mol Pharmacol 2006;70:1750-60., 18, Udawela M, Christopoulos G, Tilakaratne N, Christopoulos A, Albiston A, Sexton PM. Distinct receptor activity-modifying protein domains differentially modulate interaction with calcitonin receptors. Mol Pharmacol 2006;69:1984-89.]. The calcitonin receptor in humans is expressed as two major alternatively spliced isoforms termed CTa and CTb. Relatively little is known about how alternate splicing of the receptor affects the interaction between calcitonin receptors and RAMPs. We have examined the effect of RAMP truncation, through use of mutant constructs that delete the last 8 amino acids of each of the 3 known human RAMPs, and characterised these for interaction with CTb receptors through co-expression in COS-7 cells. As seen with the CTa receptor isoform, RAMP truncation caused a marked loss in induction of AMYb receptor phenotypes as characterised by (125)I-rat amylin radioligand binding assays and cAMP accumulation assays; the latter as a marker of receptor signalling. The effect was most pronounced for RAMP1 and RAMP2 deletion mutants, but attenuated responses were also observed with co-expressed RAMP3 deletion mutants. These data support a direct role for the RAMP C-terminus in the interaction of RAMP/calcitonin receptor complexes with intracellular accessory proteins involved in signalling and/or receptor trafficking.