NR4A nuclear orphan receptors: protective in vascular disease?

Curr Opin Lipidol. 2007 Oct;18(5):515-20. doi: 10.1097/MOL.0b013e3282ef77d1.


Purpose of review: The nuclear orphan receptors Nur77 (NR4A1), Nurr1 (NR4A2) and NOR-1 (NR4A3) are known to be involved in T-cell apoptosis, brain development, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Here, we review our current understanding of the NR4A nuclear receptors in processes that are relevant to vascular disease.

Recent findings: NR4A nuclear receptors have recently been described to play a role in metabolism by regulating gluconeogenesis, lipolysis, energy expenditure, and adipogenesis. The function of NR4A nuclear receptors has also extensively been investigated in cells crucial in vascular lesion formation, such as macrophages, endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells.

Summary: The involvement of NR4A nuclear receptors in both metabolism and in processes in the vessel wall supports a substantial role for NR4A nuclear receptors in the development of vascular disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / metabolism
  • Atherosclerosis / pathology
  • Atherosclerosis / physiopathology
  • Coronary Restenosis / metabolism
  • Coronary Restenosis / pathology
  • Coronary Restenosis / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Inflammation / physiopathology
  • Models, Biological
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / physiology
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Vascular Diseases / metabolism*
  • Vascular Diseases / pathology
  • Vascular Diseases / physiopathology


  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors