Introduction: Epidemiological studies have shown that demographic, clinical, and histological donor characteristics influence renal function after transplantation, but whether these variables are independent predictors has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative contribution of different donor variables on glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) at 3 months.
Patients and methods: We analyzed single renal transplants performed at our center from January 2000 to July 2004. Donor variables included age, gender, weight and height, cause of death, duration of brain death, serum creatinine at admission and preprocurement, history of arterial hypertension or diabetes mellitus, and smoking habit. Donor chronic damage score was calculated in preimplantation biopsies as was the addition of interstitial fibrosis, fibrous intimal thickening, and glomerulosclerosis (<10% = 0, >10% = 1). Donor and recipient GFRs were calculated according to the Cockroft-Gault formula.
Results: We analyzed 202 transplants obtained from 113 deceased donors. A renal biopsy was available in 111 transplants. Recipient GFR at 3 months correlated negatively with donor age (R = -0.32, P < .01) and donor chronic damage score (R = 0.32, P < .01). GFR was lower among recipients of female versus male donors (50 +/- 15 vs 60 +/- 20 mL/min; P < .01). Donor cerebrovascular accident death (53 +/- 19 vs 63 +/- 19 mL/min; P < .01) and hypertension (48 +/- 16 vs 59 +/- 20 mL/min; P < .01) were also associated with lower GFR at 3 months. There was a positive correlation between GFR at admission, GFR preprocurement, and GFR at 3 months (R = 0.32 and R = 0.18 respectively; P < .01). Stepwise regression analysis included chronic damage score, GFR at admission, and donor gender but not donor age as independent predictors of GFR at 3 months (R = 0.50; P < .01).
Conclusion: Donor structural and functional parameters are independent predictors of renal function at 3 months.