Work injuries

Health Rep. 2007 Aug;18(3):25-42.


Objectives: This article compares work injury occurrence by occupational category, and examines its relationship with selected factors reflecting work organization and environment. Associations between work injury and socio-demographic and other health-related variables are also considered.

Data sources: Data are from the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey (cycle 2.1).

Analytical techniques: Cross-sectional estimates of the proportion of workers injured on the job were calculated by occupational category, and by selected work-related, personal and socio-demographic characteristics. Multivariate analyses were used to study associations between work injury and job-related factors, while controlling for other influences.

Main results: In 2003, an estimated 630,000 Canadian workers experienced at least one activity-limiting occupational injury. Of people in trades, transport and equipment operation, 9% sustained an on-the-job injury, compared with 2% of workers in the "white-collar" sector. Work injury was more common in male (5%) than in female workers (2%). In multivariate analysis, some work-related variables were associated with occupational injury for both sexes: employment in trades, transport and equipment operation, primary industries, and processing, manufacturing and utilities; shift work; and heavy labour. Income under $60,000 and working long hours were associated with injury in men, but not in women. Women reporting their jobs as stressful had higher odds of injury; in men, no association with work stress emerged.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Back Injuries / epidemiology
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Geography
  • Hand Injuries / epidemiology
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations / classification*
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Work Schedule Tolerance
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*