Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is the bi-directional movement of particles along the length of axonemal outer doublet microtubules and is needed for the assembly and maintenance of eukaryotic cilia and flagella. Retrograde IFT requires cytoplasmic dynein 1b, a motor complex whose organization, structural composition and regulation is poorly understood. We have characterized the product of the Chlamydomonas FAP133 gene that encodes a new WD-repeat protein similar to dynein intermediate chains and homologous to the uncharacterized vertebrate protein WD34. FAP133 is located at the peri-basal body region as well as in punctate structures along the flagella. This protein is associated with the IFT machinery because it is specifically depleted from the flagella of cells with defects in anterograde IFT. Fractionation of flagellar matrix proteins indicates that FAP133 associates with both the LC8 dynein light chain and the IFT dynein heavy chain and light intermediate chain (DHC1b-D1bLIC) motor complex. In the absence of DHC1b or D1bLIC, FAP133 fails to localize at the peri-basal body region but, rather, is concentrated in a region of the cytoplasm near the cell center. Furthermore, we found that FAP133, LC8, DHC1b, D1bLIC, the FLA10 kinesin-2 necessary for anterograde IFT and other IFT scaffold components associate to form a large macromolecular assembly.