Effects of Bobath-based therapy on depression, shoulder pain and health-related quality of life in patients after stroke

J Rehabil Med. 2007 Oct;39(8):627-32. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0097.

Abstract

Objective: To measure the effects of Bobath-based (BB) therapy on depression, shoulder pain and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients during one year after stroke.

Design: In a prospective, non-randomized design, the use of BB therapy was compared with a more task-oriented therapy and no BB therapy.

Subjects: A total of 324 patients in 12 hospitals.

Methods: Patients in the intervention group received BB therapy, whereas patients in the control group received no BB therapy and a more task-oriented therapy. HRQoL was measured using the SF-36; depression was measured with the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and shoulder pain was measured with the Visual Analogue Scale at discharge, 6 and 12 months. Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed.

Results: No effects of BB therapy on HRQoL or shoulder pain were found. After one year fewer patients were depressed in the BB group (30%) than in the non-BB group (43%); the adjusted odds ratio was 0.6 (95% confidence interval 0.3-1.0).

Conclusion: BB therapy did not have any effect on HRQoL or shoulder pain in stroke patients. Healthcare professionals should reconsider the use of BB therapy in the care of stroke patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Depression / etiology
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Shoulder Pain / etiology
  • Shoulder Pain / therapy*
  • Stroke / complications
  • Stroke / psychology
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*
  • Treatment Outcome