Evaluating virulence of waterborne and clinical Aeromonas isolates using gene expression and mortality in neonatal mice followed by assessing cell culture's ability to predict virulence based on transcriptional response

J Appl Microbiol. 2007 Oct;103(4):811-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03318.x.


Aims: To assess the virulence of Aeromonas spp. using two models, a neonatal mouse assay and a mouse intestinal cell culture.

Methods and results: After artificial infection with a variety of Aeromonas spp., mRNA extracts from the two models were processed and hydridized to murine microarrays to determine host gene response. Definition of virulence was determined based on host mRNA production in murine neonatal intestinal tissue and mortality of infected animals. Infections of mouse intestinal cell cultures were then performed to determine whether this simpler model system's mRNA responses correlated to neonatal results and therefore be predictive of virulence of Aeromonas spp. Virulent aeromonads up-regulated transcripts in both models including multiple host defense gene products (chemokines, regulation of transcription and apoptosis and cell signalling). Avirulent species exhibited little or no host response in neonates. Mortality results correlated well with both bacterial dose and average fold change of up-regulated transcripts in the neonatal mice.

Conclusions: Cell culture results were less discriminating but showed promise as potentially being able to be predictive of virulence. Jun oncogene up-regulation in murine cell culture is potentially predictive of Aeromonas virulence.

Significance and impact of the study: Having the ability to determine virulence of waterborne pathogens quickly would potentially assist public health officials to rapidly assess exposure risks.

MeSH terms

  • Aeromonas / classification
  • Aeromonas / genetics
  • Aeromonas / pathogenicity*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Intestine, Small / microbiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods
  • Up-Regulation
  • Virulence*
  • Water Microbiology