Management of wrist injuries

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007 Oct;120(5):73e-89e. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000279385.39997.34.


Learning objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the anatomy and the biomechanical properties of the wrist. 2. Understand the standard examination process for wrist injuries. 3. Accurately diagnose common wrist conditions. 4. Establish a management plan for wrist problems.

Background: Although common, wrist injuries and conditions are difficult to treat if the physician is unfamiliar with their management.

Methods: Wrist anatomy and kinematics are discussed. Physical and radiographic examinations that are mandatory for diagnosing wrist conditions are presented. Common wrist injuries are reviewed.

Results: Understanding the anatomy and kinematics of the wrist is important in diagnosing and treating wrist conditions and in predicting outcomes after treatment. Physical examination of the wrist requires an understanding of the surface anatomy and a number of specific maneuvers. Physicians should also be familiar with other diagnostic tests, which include radiography, arthrography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopy.

Conclusions: Physicians who treat wrist injuries should be able to establish an adequate management plan for common wrist injuries and conditions and be able to predict outcomes based on these treatment plans.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthrography
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Carpal Bones / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Ligaments, Articular / anatomy & histology
  • Ligaments, Articular / diagnostic imaging
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries
  • Ligaments, Articular / physiopathology
  • Ligaments, Articular / surgery*
  • Lunate Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Lunate Bone / physiopathology
  • Osteonecrosis / surgery
  • Physical Examination
  • Scaphoid Bone / injuries
  • Wrist / anatomy & histology
  • Wrist / diagnostic imaging
  • Wrist Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Wrist Injuries / physiopathology
  • Wrist Injuries / surgery*