Generation of transgenic plants of a potential oilseed crop Camelina sativa by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation

Plant Cell Rep. 2008 Feb;27(2):273-8. doi: 10.1007/s00299-007-0454-0. Epub 2007 Sep 27.


Camelina sativa is an alternative oilseed crop that can be used as a potential low-cost biofuel crop or a source of health promoting omega-3 fatty acids. Currently, the fatty acid composition of camelina does not uniquely fit any particular uses, thus limit its commercial value and large-scale production. In order to improve oil quality and other agronomic characters, we have developed an efficient and simple in planta method to generate transgenic camelina plants. The method included Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation of plants at early flowering stage along with a vacuum infiltration procedure. We used a fluorescent protein (DsRed) as a visual selection marker, which allowed us to conveniently screen mature transgenic seeds from a large number of untransformed seeds. Using this method, over 1% of transgenic seeds can be obtained. Genetic analysis revealed that most of transgenic plants contain a single copy of transgene. In addition, we also demonstrated that transgenic camelina seeds produced novel hydroxy fatty acids by transforming a castor fatty acid hydroxylase. In conclusion, our results provide a rapid means to genetically improve agronomic characters of camelina, including fatty acid profiles of its seed oils. Camelina may serve as a potential industrial crop to produce novel biotechnology products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brassicaceae / genetics*
  • Brassicaceae / growth & development
  • Brassicaceae / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics*
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / growth & development
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / metabolism
  • Rhizobium / genetics*
  • Transformation, Genetic


  • Fatty Acids