Altered gene expression of NIDD in dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord of rats with neuropathic or inflammatory pain

J Mol Histol. 2008 Apr;39(2):125-33. doi: 10.1007/s10735-007-9144-z. Epub 2007 Sep 26.


Nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthases are key players in synaptic plasticity events in spinal cord (SC), which underlies the chronic pain states. To date, little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating the activity of nitric oxide synthases in nociceptive systems. The present study was aimed at the determination of the gene expression of nNOS-interacting DHHC domain-containing protein with dendritic mRNA (NIDD), a recently identified protein regulating nNOS enzyme activity, in rat SC and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and studying its regulation in states of nociceptive hypersensitivity in a rat model of neuropathic or inflammatory pain. It was found that NIDD mRNA was predominantly expressed in nociceptive primary neurons and in neurons of the spinal dorsal horn (DH) and the number of NIDD-positive neurons in the corresponding DRG or SC increased significantly following induction of chronic hyperalgesia. Meanwhile, remarkable changes of nNOS were detected under such pain conditions. Our data suggest a potential role for NIDD in the maintenance of thermal pain hypersensitivity possibly via regulating the nNOS activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / analysis
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Ganglia, Spinal / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hyperalgesia / etiology
  • Inflammation / complications
  • Male
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain / genetics
  • Pain / metabolism*
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Spinal Cord / metabolism*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Zdhhc23 protein, rat