Comparison of the efficacy of salmeterol/fluticasone propionate combination in Japanese and Caucasian asthmatics

Respir Med. 2007 Dec;101(12):2488-94. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2007.07.001. Epub 2007 Sep 27.

Abstract

Introduction: The effect of ethnicity on the efficacy of salmeterol (S)+fluticasone propionate (FP) has not been examined in Japanese and Caucasian asthmatics. In this study, the efficacy of combination treatment with S and FP from a single inhaler (SFC) was compared with concurrent treatment with S and FP administration from separate inhalers (S+FP) in Japanese and Caucasian asthmatics.

Methods: This was a randomised, double-blind, crossover study in male and female Japanese (n=18) and Caucasian (n=17) asthmatics (50-100% predicted FEV(1); >35% reversibility in sGaw). Subjects received SFC (S 50 mcg/FP 250 mcg b.i.d.) and S+FP (S 50 mcg b.i.d.+FP 250 mcg b.i.d.) for 14 days. sGaw and FEV(1) were determined 0-12h after the first and last doses.

Results: Treatment with both SFC and S+FP produced marked bronchodilation, which was maintained 0-12h after the first dose. Baseline sGaw and FEV(1) increased up to 51% and 180 mL, respectively, in Japanese subjects over 2 weeks of treatment, with similar improvements in Caucasian subjects. On Day 14 the 0-12h S+FP:SFC treatment ratios (90% CI) for sGaw AUC and peak were 1.05 (0.98, 1.12) and 1.05 (0.97, 1.14), respectively, in Japanese subjects, and 0.99 (0.92, 1.07) and 0.98 (0.89, 1.07), respectively, in Caucasian subjects, with no difference between the two ethnic groups.

Conclusions: The finding of a similar significant bronchodilator response in Japanese and Caucasian asthmatics following concurrent and combination treatment with salmeterol and FP suggests that the therapeutic response to these agents is comparable and independent of ethnicity in Japanese and Caucasian asthma patients.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / therapeutic use*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Airway Resistance
  • Albuterol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Albuterol / therapeutic use
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Androstadienes / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / ethnology*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Body Height
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Combinations
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Fluticasone
  • Fluticasone-Salmeterol Drug Combination
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Lung / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nebulizers and Vaporizers
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Salmeterol Xinafoate
  • Sweden
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Androstadienes
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • Drug Combinations
  • Fluticasone-Salmeterol Drug Combination
  • Salmeterol Xinafoate
  • Fluticasone
  • Albuterol