WAVE1 and regulation of actin nucleation in myelination

Neuroscientist. 2007 Oct;13(5):486-91. doi: 10.1177/1073858407299423.


The myelin sheath can be compared to the neuronal growth cone in that the unfurled sheath looks like a giant lamellum. The authors recently tested this hypothesis by examining the importance of WAVE1, a regulator of lamellipodia formation in neurons and other cells, in myelinogenesis. They found that WAVE1 is critical for formation of oligodendrocyte lamellae and myelin sheaths. They review the regulation of WAVE1 and how WAVE1 is transported and localized to lamellipodia. Because they found that some but not all myelination was impaired by knockout of WAVE1 function, they hypothesize that other regulators of actin nucleation help oligodendrocytes produce myelin in parallel with WAVE1 function. Interestingly, they found that oligodendrocyte maturation also is disturbed with WAVE1 knockout and propose that proper localization and transport of signaling molecules relevant to the integrin signaling cascade are disrupted by loss of WAVE1 function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Actins / physiology*
  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Myelin Sheath / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family / biosynthesis
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family / genetics
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family / physiology*


  • Actins
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family