Association of cerebral palsy with other disabilities in children with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke

Pediatr Neurol. 2007 Oct;37(4):245-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2007.06.003.


The association of cerebral palsy with other disabilities in children with perinatal stroke has not been well-studied. We examined this association in 111 children with perinatal stroke: 67 with neonatal presentation, and 44 with delayed presentation. Seventy-six children (68%) had cerebral palsy, which was hemiplegic in 66 and tri- or quadriplegic in 10. Fifty-five (72%) children with cerebral palsy had at least one other disability: 45 (59%) had a cognitive/speech impairment (moderate-severe in 20), and 36 (47%) had epilepsy (moderate-severe in 11). In children with neonatal presentation, cerebral palsy was associated with epilepsy (P = 0.0076) and cognitive impairment (P = 0.0001). These associations could not be tested in children with delayed presentation because almost all children in this group had cerebral palsy. In another analysis with multivariate logistic regression for children with cerebral palsy, children who had both neonatal presentation and history of cesarean-section delivery were more likely to have epilepsy (P = 0.001). Children with cerebral palsy after perinatal stroke who had neonatal presentation were more likely to have severe cognitive impairment (odds ratio, 7.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.80-47.32) or severe epilepsy (odds ratio, 6.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-69.21) than children with delayed presentation. Children with cerebral palsy after perinatal stroke are likely to have an additional disability; those with neonatal presentation are more likely to have a severe disability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / complications*
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications*
  • Cerebral Palsy / etiology*
  • Cesarean Section / adverse effects
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Databases, Factual
  • Epilepsy / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Radiography
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke / etiology*