Objective: Coma or respiratory failure in patients with acute ischemic stroke (IS) may require mechanical ventilation (MV). The inclusion criteria used in previous studies on MV for patients with stroke have been very heterogeneous. We carried out this prospective study in our neurologic stroke and intensive care department to assess clinical and radiologic features, mortality, outcome, and prognosis factors for patients presenting with acute IS involving the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and requiring MV.
Methods: Of 470 patients admitted with acute IS involving the MCA territory, we prospectively enrolled 50 patients requiring MV. Indications for intubation were a Glasgow coma score <10 or respiratory failure.
Results: The survival at 1 year was 30%. The mortality (70%) was independent of the reason for ventilation. Survivors had a mean Barthel index of 59 +/- 25 and a mean modified Rankin score of 4 +/- 1. Logistic regression showed that survivors were characterized by incomplete MCA territory involvement and atherosclerosis origin.
Conclusion: Patients with MCA IS who require MV have high mortality regardless of the cause of intubation. Survival is associated with incomplete MCA territory involvement and atherosclerosis origin.