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, 371 (1), 62-70

An Enzyme Capture Assay for Analysis of Active Hyaluronan Synthases

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An Enzyme Capture Assay for Analysis of Active Hyaluronan Synthases

Zhetcho Kyossev et al. Anal Biochem.

Abstract

We describe a sensitive assay for detection of active hyaluronan synthases (HASs) capable of synthesizing hyaluronan (HA) without use of radioactive uridine 5'-diphosphate sugar precursors. The HAS capture assay is based on the binding of a biotinylated HA binding protein (bHABP) to HA chains that are associated with HAS and the subsequent capture of bHABP-HA-HAS complexes with streptavidin-agarose. Specific HAS proteins (e.g., HAS1, not HAS2 or HAS3) captured in this pull-down approach are readily immunodetected by Western blot analysis using appropriate antibodies. The assay was used to detect active HAS proteins in cell membranes, purified recombinant Streptococcus equisimilis HAS (SeHAS), and in vitro translated human HAS1 or SeHAS. The HAS capture assay was also used to assess the fraction of HAS molecules that were active, which cannot be done using standard assays for synthase activity. Assay sensitivity for detection of purified SeHAS is <1 pmol.

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