Microneurosurgical management of proximal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms

Surg Neurol. 2007 Oct;68(4):366-77. doi: 10.1016/j.surneu.2007.07.084.


Background: Aneurysms originating from the proximal segment of anterior cerebral artery (A1As) are rare, forming less than 1% of all IAs. There are only few reports on microneurosurgical management of A1As. In this article, the authors review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and clipping of A1As.

Methods: This review, and the whole series on IAs, is mainly based on the personal microneurosurgical experience of the senior author (JH) in 2 Finnish centers (Helsinki and Kuopio), which serve without patient selection the catchment area in Southern and Eastern Finland.

Results: These 2 centers have treated more than 10,000 patients with aneurysm since 1951. In the Kuopio Cerebral Aneurysm Database of 3005 patients with 4253 aneurysms, there were 23 patients carrying 23 A1As, forming 0.8% of all patients with aneurysm, 0.5% of all aneurysms, and 2% of all ACA aneurysms. Twelve (52%) patients presented with ruptured A1As with ICH in 3 (25%) and IVH in 2 (17%). Seventy percent of patients had at least 1 associated aneurysm.

Conclusions: Aneurysms arising from A1 are usually small, with a fragile wall. Our data suggest that A1As rupture at smaller size than IAs in general. Because of their small size and involvement of perforating arteries at their base, microneurosurgical clipping is the method of choice in treatment of ruptured A1As. Unruptured A1As also need microneurosurgical clipping even when they are small.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia
  • Anterior Cerebral Artery / pathology*
  • Anterior Cerebral Artery / surgery*
  • Cerebral Revascularization / methods*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / methods*
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Preoperative Care