Objective: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthritis and a leading cause of disability. Many persons with knee OA are not diagnosed and not referred for treatment. Therefore, identification of patients with knee pain who have undiagnosed OA needs to be improved. Our objective was to determine if pharmacists, using a simple screening questionnaire, can identify individuals with previously undiagnosed knee OA.
Methods: Patients with knee pain and no previous diagnosis of knee OA were recruited by community pharmacists who used a simple questionnaire (<10 minutes to complete) to determine likelihood of knee OA. Patients who were likely to have knee OA were referred for a standardized knee examination and radiograph.
Results: Of the 411 patients screened by pharmacists, 274 were eligible. Of these, 44 declined, 35 were ineligible (18 had a previous OA diagnosis,16 had other inflammatory conditions, and 1 was excluded for other reasons), and 1 died. The remaining 194 were mostly female (62%) with a mean age of 62 years and were mostly white (86%). Body mass index (BMI) was classified as normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)) in 29%, overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)) in 45%, and obese (>30.0 kg/m(2)) in 26%. Of those examined, 190 (98%) of 194 met the American College of Rheumatology clinical criteria for knee OA. The radiographic results revealed that most participants likely had mild OA.
Conclusion: Pharmacists administering a simple screening questionnaire can identify >80% of patients with knee pain who have undiagnosed knee OA. Based on radiographs and BMI, much of this OA is early and may be amenable to intervention.