Imaging of blood plasma coagulation and its propagation at surfaces

J Biomed Mater Res A. 2008 Jun 15;85(4):1129-34. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.31529.

Abstract

A new method utilizing image capture and processing was developed for the analysis of blood plasma coagulation at surfaces. The coagulation was detected in a cuvette by time-lapse image capture of light scattering from the developing fibrin network. By image processing and computer analysis of the captured image data, both early detection of coagulation at the surface and the propagation phase of coagulation could be measured in the same experiment. It is possible to use both platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-free plasma (PFP) with the method, and thereby study the platelet contribution to both surface coagulation and propagation of coagulation. Two well-known model surfaces, hydrophilic and hydrophobic glass, were used in combination with PRP and PFP to illustrate the method. Hydrophilic glass activated coagulation significantly faster (PRP: 7.0 +/- 1.7 min, PFP: 5.9 +/- 1.2 min, n= 16) than hydrophobic glass (PRP: 50 +/- 14 min, PFP: 65 +/- 32 min, n = 16) in both PRP and PFP. Hydrophilic surfaces showed a faster initial propagation of coagulation adjacent to the surface (mean velocity: 0.14 +/- 0.05 mm/ minute) compared with the propagation observed further out from the surface (mean velocity: 0.05 +/- 0.01 mm/min). The method is very flexible and can be suitable for screening hemocompatibility of biomaterials.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Coagulation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Surface Properties
  • Whole Blood Coagulation Time