Responses to Desiccation Stress in Bryophytes and an Important Role of Dithiothreitol-Insensitive Non-Photochemical Quenching Against Photoinhibition in Dehydrated States

Plant Cell Physiol. 2007 Nov;48(11):1548-57. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcm124. Epub 2007 Sep 30.

Abstract

The effects of air drying and hypertonic treatments in the dark on seven bryophytes, which had grown under different water environments, were studied. All the desiccation-tolerant species tested lost most of their PSII photochemical activity when photosynthetic electron transport was inhibited by air drying, while, in all the sensitive species, the PSII photochemical activity remained at a high level even when photosynthesis was totally inhibited. The PSI reaction center remained active under drying conditions in both sensitive and tolerant species, but the activity became non-detectable in the light only in tolerant species due to deactivation of the cyclic electron flow around PSI and of the back reaction in PSI. Light-induced non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) was found to be induced not only by the xanthophyll cycle but also by a DeltapH-induced, dithiothreitol-insensitive mechanism in both the desiccation-tolerant and -intolerant bryophytes. Both mechanisms are thought to have an important role in protecting desiccation-tolerant species from photoinhibition under drying conditions. Fluorescence emission spectra at 77K showed that dehydration-induced quenching of PSII fluorescence was observed only in tolerant species and was due to neither state 1-state 2 transition nor detachment of light-harvesting chlorophyll protein complexes from PSII core complexes. The presence of dehydration-induced quenching of PSI fluorescence was also suggested.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bryophyta / drug effects*
  • Bryophyta / metabolism
  • Bryophyta / physiology
  • Chlorophyll / metabolism
  • Dithiothreitol / pharmacology*
  • Electron Transport / drug effects
  • Electron Transport / physiology
  • Electron Transport / radiation effects
  • Fluorescence
  • Photosynthesis / drug effects
  • Photosynthesis / physiology*
  • Photosynthesis / radiation effects
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex / chemistry
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex / metabolism*
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Water / metabolism
  • Water / pharmacology

Substances

  • Photosystem II Protein Complex
  • Plant Proteins
  • Water
  • Chlorophyll
  • Dithiothreitol