Purpose: To test the feasibility and clinical utility of a reservoir with coaxial catheters (a 2.9-F microcatheter and a 5-F catheter) and a port (ie, coaxial reservoir) that was developed to perform repeated hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) in patients with unresectable liver neoplasms.
Materials and methods: The coaxial reservoir was implanted in 64 patients with unresectable liver neoplasms as a result of difficulty in implanting a conventional reservoir with a 5-F catheter. The 2.9-F microcatheter tip was inserted into the gastroduodenal artery (n = 22), pancreaticoduodenal arcade (n = 20), or peripheral hepatic artery (n = 22) through the 5-F catheter, and a side hole created in the leading end of the microcatheter was oriented toward the proper hepatic artery. Technical success was defined by implantation of the coaxial reservoir and initiation of HAIC. The study endpoint was interruption of HAIC or death. Technical success and early and delayed complications were recorded.
Results: The technical success rate was 100%. HAIC was repeated every 1-4 weeks during the mean follow-up period of 14.1 months. Arterial infusion chemotherapy was interrupted in 17 patients (27%) as a result of hepatic arterial occlusion (16%, n = 10), catheter dislocation (3%, n = 2), catheter occlusion (3%, n = 2), wound infection (3%, n = 2), or breakage of the port (2%, n = 1). Patency rates of the hepatic artery were 96%, 82%, and 50% at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after reservoir implantation, respectively.
Conclusion: Implantation of the coaxial reservoir is feasible, safe, and useful in expanding the indication of HAIC to patients with unresectable liver neoplasms.