Purpose: Conjunctival melanoma is rare in children. This article presents a comprehensive review and discusses the clinical significance of the published cases of malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva in children younger than 15 years.
Materials and methods: To obtain prior reports of conjunctival melanoma in children, a systematic search of the world literature was conducted. Additional studies were identified from the bibliographies of the retrieved articles, as well as from major ophthalmic textbooks.
Results: A review of the literature resulted in 28 reported cases of conjunctival melanoma in children younger than 15 years, and only 8 had adequate case details.
Conclusion: Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare condition in children. Limited knowledge for management and prognosis of this condition in children is largely due to its low occurrence.