A case of celiac disease mimicking amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2007 Oct;3(10):581-4. doi: 10.1038/ncpneuro0631.


Background: A 44-year-old male presented to a general neurology clinic with a 6-month history of progressive right-sided spastic hemiparesis without sensory symptoms or signs. The thigh muscle in the affected leg showed signs of wasting. The patient had a remote family history of celiac disease.

Investigations: Neurological examination, neurophysiological studies, brain MRI scan, routine blood tests, duodenal biopsy, cerebrospinal fluid analysis including polymerase chain reaction test for JC virus DNA, serological testing for HIV and for the presence of serum antibodies to endomysium, gliadin and tissue transglutaminase.

Diagnosis: Celiac disease with neurological involvement, mimicking amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Management: Strict gluten-free diet.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / diagnosis*
  • Brain / pathology
  • Celiac Disease / blood
  • Celiac Disease / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Celiac Disease / diagnosis*
  • Celiac Disease / diet therapy
  • Diet, Protein-Restricted
  • Glutens
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Neurologic Examination / methods
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Serologic Tests


  • Glutens