Small molecule inhibitors of integrin alpha2beta1

J Med Chem. 2007 Nov 1;50(22):5457-62. doi: 10.1021/jm070252b. Epub 2007 Oct 4.


Interactions between the integrin, alpha2beta1, and extracellular matrix (ECM), particularly collagen, play a pivotal role in platelet adhesion and thrombus formation. Platelets interact with collagen in the subendothelial matrix that is exposed by vascular damage. To evaluate the potential of alpha2beta1 inhibitors for anticancer and antithrombotic applications, we have developed a series of small molecule inhibitors of this integrin based on a prolyl-2,3-diaminopropionic acid (DAP) scaffold using solid-phase parallel synthesis. A benzenesulfonamide substituent at the N-terminus of the dipepetide and a benzyl urea at the DAP side chain resulted in tight and highly selective inhibition of alpha2beta1-mediated adhesion of human platelets and other cells to collagen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Blood Platelets / physiology
  • Cell Adhesion / drug effects
  • Collagen Type I / physiology
  • Collagen Type IV / physiology
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Integrin alpha2beta1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • K562 Cells
  • Proline / analogs & derivatives*
  • Proline / chemical synthesis*
  • Proline / pharmacology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Sulfonamides / chemical synthesis*
  • Sulfonamides / pharmacology
  • beta-Alanine / analogs & derivatives*
  • beta-Alanine / chemical synthesis
  • beta-Alanine / pharmacology


  • Collagen Type I
  • Collagen Type IV
  • Integrin alpha2beta1
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sulfonamides
  • beta-Alanine
  • 2,3-diaminopropionic acid
  • Proline