The shadow of death on the MET tyrosine kinase receptor

Cell Death Differ. 2008 Mar;15(3):427-34. doi: 10.1038/sj.cdd.4402229. Epub 2007 Oct 5.


The MET tyrosine kinase receptor is a high-affinity receptor for hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF). HGF/SF-MET system is necessary for embryonic development, and aberrant MET signalling favours tumorigenesis and metastasis. MET is a prototype of tyrosine kinase receptor, which is able to counteract apoptosis through the initiation of a survival signal involving notably the PI3K-Akt pathway. Paradoxically, the MET receptor is also able to promote apoptosis when activated by HGF/SF or independently of ligand stimulation. The molecular mechanisms underlying this uncommon response have been recently investigated and revealed dual antiapoptotic or proapoptotic property of MET according to the cell type or stress conditions. Although the involvement of MET in the regulation of integrated biological responses mostly took into account its efficient antiapoptotic function, its proapoptotic responses could also be important for regulation of the survival/apoptosis balance and play a role during the development or tumour progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis*
  • Caspases / metabolism
  • Cell Survival
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • fas Receptor / metabolism


  • fas Receptor
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
  • Caspases