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. 2007 Oct 7;127(13):134103.
doi: 10.1063/1.2774976.

Time-dependent Density Functional Theory Calculation of Van Der Waals Coefficient of Sodium Clusters

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Time-dependent Density Functional Theory Calculation of Van Der Waals Coefficient of Sodium Clusters

Arup Banerjee et al. J Chem Phys. .

Abstract

In this paper we employ all-electron ab initio time-dependent density functional theory based method to calculate the long range dipole-dipole dispersion coefficient (van der Waals coefficient) C(6) of sodium atom clusters containing even number of atoms ranging from 2 to 20 atoms. The dispersion coefficients are obtained via Casimir-Polder relation [Phys. Rev. 3, 360 (1948)]. The calculations are carried out with two different exchange-correlation potentials: (i) the asymptotically correct statistical average of orbital potential (SAOP) and (ii) Vosko-Wilk-Nusair representation [Can. J. Phys. 58, 1200 (1980)] of exchange-correlation potential within local density approximation. A comparison with the other theoretical results has been performed. We also present the results for the static polarizabilities of sodium clusters and also compare them with other theoretical and experimental results. These comparisons reveal that the SAOP results for C(6) and static polarizability are quite accurate and very close to the experimental results. We examine the relationship between volume of the cluster and van der Waals coefficient, and find that to a very high degree of correlation C(6) scales as the square of the volume. We also present the results for van der Waals coefficient corresponding to cluster-Ar atom and cluster-N(2) molecule interactions.

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