Roles of safety climate and shift work on perceived injury risk: a multi-level analysis

Accid Anal Prev. 2007 Nov;39(6):1088-96. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2007.02.006. Epub 2007 Mar 19.


This study evaluated the relationship between employees' work shift (i.e., day shift versus night shift) and perceptions of injury risk, and how the relationship is affected by company level safety climate and injury frequency. The results showed that night shift workers perceived a higher level of injury risk compared to day shift workers. Both company level safety climate and injury frequency played critical roles in predicting individual perceived work injury risk. Perception of injury risk of night shift workers was significantly lower when they perceived high-level rather than low-level safety climate. However, this pattern was not noticeable for day shift workers. These findings highlighted the importance of considering company level factors when attempting to understand the differences between day shift and night shift work on an individual's perception of injury risk.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control
  • Accidents, Occupational / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health*
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Risk
  • Safety Management / organization & administration*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Work Schedule Tolerance*
  • Workplace*