Does the periodontal health of thalassemia major patients have an impact on the blood lipid profiles? A preliminary report

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2007 Oct;29(10):694-9. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e31814d68c3.


Cardiac symptoms and premature death from cardiac causes are still suggested to be a major problem in thalassemic patients. One of the main reasons for the cardiovascular events in thalassemia major (TM) patients has suggested having iron overload, in addition to other reasons such as hypoxia, abnormal lipoproteins levels, atherosclerotic conditions, etc. This study aims to investigate whether the periodontal health has an impact on the blood lipid levels. Twenty-four TM patients and sex-matched controls (C) enrolled to this study. The measurements of the periodontal parameters (gingival index, plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level) were recorded. Besides, in venous blood samples the lipid profile was investigated. All of the periodontal parameters were significantly higher in TM group than in C group (P<0.05). Triglyceride and cholesterol/high density lipoprotein ratio had significant positive correlations with the periodontal parameters (P<0.05). Multiple regression analyses present significant associations between gingival index, plaque index scores, and the cholesterol/high density lipoprotein ratio (P<0.001). Our study results showed that the lipid profile of TM patients might be affected by their periodontal health. Further studies are needed to determine the lipid profile involvement magnitude and the cardiovascular disease risk caused by the periodontal health of TM patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Dental Plaque Index
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Periodontal Diseases / blood
  • Periodontal Diseases / complications*
  • Risk Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • beta-Thalassemia / blood*


  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol