The PucC Protein of Rhodobacter Capsulatus Mitigates an Inhibitory Effect of Light-Harvesting 2 Alpha and Beta Proteins on Light-Harvesting Complex 1

Photosynth Res. Feb-Mar 2008;95(2-3):279-84. doi: 10.1007/s11120-007-9258-x. Epub 2007 Oct 9.

Abstract

Rhodobacter capsulatus contains lhaA and pucC genes that have been implicated in light-harvesting complex 1 and 2 (LH1 and LH2) assembly. The proteins encoded by these genes, and homologues in other photosynthetic organisms, have been classified as the bacteriochlorophyll delivery (BCD) family of the major facilitator superfamily. A new BCD family phylogenetic tree reveals that several PucC, LhaA and Orf428-related sequences each form separate clusters, while plant and cyanobacterial homologues cluster more distantly. The PucC protein is encoded in the pucBACDE superoperon which also codes for LH2 alpha (PucA) and beta (PucB) proteins. PucC was previously shown to be necessary for formation of LH2. This article gives evidence indicating that PucC has a shepherding activity that keeps the homologous alpha and beta proteins of LH1 and LH2 apart, allowing LH1 to assemble properly. This shepherding function was indicated by a 62% reduction in LH1 levels in DeltaLHII strains carrying plasmids encoding pucBA along with a C-terminally truncated pucC gene. More severe reductions in LH1 were seen when the truncated pucC gene was co-expressed in the presence of C-terminal PucC::PhoA fusion proteins. It appears that interaction between truncated PucC::PhoA fusion proteins and the truncated PucC protein disrupts LH1 assembly, pointing towards a PucC dimeric or multimeric functional unit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / classification
  • Bacterial Proteins / physiology*
  • Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes / physiology*
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex / classification
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex / physiology*
  • Phylogeny
  • Rhodobacter capsulatus / physiology*

Substances

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes
  • Photosystem II Protein Complex
  • PucC protein, Rhodobacter