Cross-cultural application of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale: a study of black South African students

Psychol Rep. 1991 Dec;69(3 Pt 2):1179-85. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1991.69.3f.1179.


This article reports normative and psychometric data for the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale when used with black South African students. Subjects were 450 undergraduate students in psychology. The reliability, validity, and factor structure of the scale were consistent with previously reported findings. The correlations of CES-Depression Scale scores with certain demographic variables are also reported.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • African Continental Ancestry Group
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Depression / epidemiology*
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics
  • South Africa