Familial early-onset dementia with tau intron 10 + 16 mutation with clinical features similar to those of Alzheimer disease

Arch Neurol. 2007 Oct;64(10):1535-9. doi: 10.1001/archneur.64.10.1535.


Background: Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) owing to the tau intron 10 + 16 mutation usually occurs with a prototypical frontotemporal dementia phenotype with prominent disinhibition and affective disturbances.

Objective: To report a new FTDP-17 pedigree with the tau intron 10 + 16 mutation demonstrating a clinical phenotype suggestive of Alzheimer disease.

Design: Case reports.

Setting: Regional neuroscience centers in northwest England. Patients We examined 4 members of a kindred in which 8 individuals were affected in 3 generations.

Results: All 4 patients reported memory difficulty. Marked anomia was also present, but behavioral disturbances were conspicuously absent in the early stages of disease. All patients had an initial clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer disease. No mutations were found in the presenilin or amyloid precursor protein genes. Pathologic examination of the proband showed features typical of FTDP-17, and tau gene analysis showed the intron 10 + 16 mutation.

Conclusions: This pedigree illustrates the phenotypic variability of tau intron 10 + 16 mutations. In pedigrees with a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer disease but without presenilin or amyloid precursor protein gene mutations, tau gene mutations may be found.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alzheimer Disease / psychology*
  • Atrophy
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology
  • Dementia / genetics*
  • Dementia / psychology*
  • Disease Progression
  • Family
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / pathology
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Mutation / physiology
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Pedigree
  • tau Proteins / genetics*


  • tau Proteins