Screening for myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke: a population-based study

Neuroepidemiology. 2007;29(1-2):96-100. doi: 10.1159/000109503. Epub 2007 Oct 8.


Studies that accurately identify myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke within populations would provide valuable epidemiological information as well as data on vascular disease prevention. We performed a pilot study to assess the feasibility of adding MI surveillance to an ongoing population-based stroke surveillance study, the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project. We also tested two screening methods for MI ascertainment: discharge International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes and cardiac biomarker screening. This pilot study suggests that the addition of MI surveillance to community-based stroke surveillance studies is feasible. Screening for abnormal cardiac biomarkers to identify potential MI cases may be more accurate and efficient than using ICD-9 codes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnosis*
  • Brain Ischemia / epidemiology
  • Cohort Studies
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Diseases
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / blood
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Patient Discharge
  • Pilot Projects
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stroke / diagnosis*
  • Stroke / epidemiology


  • Biomarkers