[Revealing of tuberculosis in an infectious diseases hospital of a megalopolis]

Klin Med (Mosk). 2007;85(8):46-50.
[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The advisory work of the phthisiatrician in an infectious diseases hospital was analyzed; the analysis revealed that in 2005 tuberculose changes of various degrees of activity had been revealed in 42.5% of examined patients, and 32.1% of them were subjects in whom tuberculosis of diferent localizations had been revealed for the first time. In 43.2% of the latter subjects, the reasons for hospitalization were "clinical masks" of tuberculose process (influenza, acute respiratory viral disease), while 48.6% were hospitalized for gastrointestinal infections and viral hepatitis. In 20.7% of cases tuberculosis was combined with HIV infection. In the infectious diseases hospital, 16.2% of patients with active tuberculosis died. Among the patients treated in the infectious diseases hospital during one year, the proportion of patients with active tuberculosis was 1.44%, the proportion of those in whom the process was revealed for the first time, was 0.75%. In Botkin infectious diseases hospital, there were approximately 6% of patients in whom tuberculose process was revealed for the first time in Saint Petersburg. The peculiarities of this group of patients in an infectious diseases hospital require not only tuberculose alertness, but also reinforcement of phthisiatric, radiological, and laboratory services.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Communicable Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Urban*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology*